In-Depth Information on Common Foot & Ankle Concerns

The Northwest Extremity Specialists are committed to patient education. Fully understanding your foot or ankle condition helps you make confident, informed decisions regarding your treatment and care. Although there is no substitute for an in-person appointment with a specialist, we happily offer our extensive online library of foot and ankle articles as a resource and service to our patients, as well as the general public.

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  • New Patient Forms To save time, we encourage new patients of Northwest Extremities Specialists to fill out paperwork in advance of their appointment.
  • Creekside Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation The Northwest Extremity Specialists work closely with Creekside Physical Therapy because they share the belief that every person is unique and that each treatment needs to be catered to the individual.
  • Puncture Wounds Puncture wounds are not the same as cuts. A puncture wound has a small entry hole caused by a pointed object, such as a nail that you’ve stepped on. In contrast, a cut is an open wound that produces a long tear in the skin.
  • Peroneal Tendon Injuries The two peroneal tendons in the foot run side-by-side behind the outer ankle bone. One peroneal tendon attaches to the outer part of the midfoot, while the other tendon runs under the foot and attaches near the inside of the arch.
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a compression, or squeezing, on the posterior tibial nerve that produces symptoms anywhere along the path of the nerve running from the inside of the ankle into the foot.
  • Ganglion Cyst A ganglion cyst is a sac filled with a jellylike fluid that originates from a tendon sheath or joint capsule. The word “ganglion” means “knot” and is used to describe the knot-like mass or lump that forms below the surface of the skin.
  • Toe and Metatarsal Fractures (Broken toes) Of the 26 bones in the foot, 19 are toe bones (phalanges) and metatarsal bones (the long bones in the midfoot). Fractures of the toe and metatarsal bones are common and require evaluation by a specialist.
  • Sesamoid Injuries in the Foot Sesamoid injuries can involve the bones, tendons, and/or surrounding tissue in the joint. They are often associated with activities requiring increased pressure on the ball of the foot, such as running, basketball, football, golf, tennis, and ballet.
  • Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD) Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a condition caused by changes in the tendon, impairing its ability to support the arch. This results in flattening of the foot.
  • Tailor’s Bunion (Bunionette) The prominence that characterizes a tailor’s bunion occurs at the metatarsal “head,” located at the far end of the bone where it meets the toe. Tailor’s bunions are not as common as bunions, which occur on the inside of the foot, but they are similar in symptoms and causes.